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botanical name:
Alkanna orientalis
Alkanna orientalis © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Yellow Bugloss, Yellow Gromwell, Oriental Alkanet
synonyms:  Alkanna hellenica, Alkanna leucantha
family:  Boraginaceae
characteristics: perennial
height: 0.50m
width: 1.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit:
leaf colour: grey-green
flower colour: yellow
stem/bark: grey-green
main season: Summer
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: neutral-alkaline
minimum temp: -10°C
USDA zone: 8 to 11
description:
Short-lived perennial with oblong to lanceolate, hairy grey-green leaves. Small yellow flowers produced over a long period during summer.


cultivation:
Very well drained, preferably sandy or gritty soil in full sun. Dislikes winter wet, drought tolerant and can grow in hot arid conditions.

propagation:
By seed, division or root cuttings in late winter.

usage:
Used medicinally in the Middle-East for the treatment of sore throats.

other notes:
Native to South-eastern Europe and Western Asia, found on rocky slopes and in desert areas.
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