Plant Base Online (beta)
© Deeproot Plant Base
common name: Pineapple
synonyms: Ananas sativus, Ananassa sativa, Bromelia ananas
poisonous or irritant
full sun, part shade
dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: acid
minimum temp: 12°C
USDA zone: 11 to 11
Tropical perennial, a terrestrial Bromeliad forming a large rosette of narrow rigid spiny leaves. A short sturdy stem bears a large cone-like structure from which the mauve, purple or red flowers emerge. It then develops into the well known brownish yellow fruit, topped by a crown of leaves.
There are numerous named varieties in commercial cultivation.
Well-drained, sandy acid loam, preferably with a good organic content. Drought toerant, but needs some moisture to develop well. Needs very warm growing conditions, though it can be successfully grown under glass.
From seed or, more usually from suckers or by slicing off and planting the cowns of the fruits.
Edible fruit of significant commercial value.
Also makes an interesting house or conservatory plant.
The enzyme bromelain is extracted and has various medicinal uses, notably for digestive problems.
Native to southern Brazil and Paraguay, but long cultivated throughout tropical parts of America.
The unripe fruit is toxic.