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botanical name:
Ananas comosus
Ananas comosus © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Pineapple
synonyms:  Ananas sativus, Ananassa sativa, Bromelia ananas
family:  Bromeliaceae
characteristics: perennial, evergreen
height: 1.50m
width: 1.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit:
leaf colour: blue-green
flower colour: mauve
fruit colour: yellow
main season: All Year
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: acid
minimum temp: 12°C
USDA zone: 11 to 11
description:
Tropical perennial, a terrestrial Bromeliad forming a large rosette of narrow rigid spiny leaves. A short sturdy stem bears a large cone-like structure from which the mauve, purple or red flowers emerge. It then develops into the well known brownish yellow fruit, topped by a crown of leaves.
There are numerous named varieties in commercial cultivation.

cultivation:
Well-drained, sandy acid loam, preferably with a good organic content. Drought toerant, but needs some moisture to develop well. Needs very warm growing conditions, though it can be successfully grown under glass.

propagation:
From seed or, more usually from suckers or by slicing off and planting the cowns of the fruits.


usage:
Edible fruit of significant commercial value.
Also makes an interesting house or conservatory plant.
The enzyme bromelain is extracted and has various medicinal uses, notably for digestive problems.

other notes:
Native to southern Brazil and Paraguay, but long cultivated throughout tropical parts of America.

The unripe fruit is toxic.
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