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botanical name:
Arbutus menziesii
Arbutus menziesii © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Madroña
family:  Ericaceae
characteristics: tree, evergreen
height: 15.00m
width: 15.00m
growth rate: slow
growth habit: rounded
leaf colour: dark green
flower colour: white
fruit colour: red
stem/bark: brown
main season: All Year
aspect: full sun
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: acid
minimum temp: -8°C
USDA zone: 8 to 10
Spreading evergreen tree which can reach stately proportions in favourable conditions or may sometimes have a shrubby habit. Oval, glossy dark green leaves, up to 15cm. long and may toothed or smooth edged. Conspicuous erect panicles of white flowers in spring, followed by bunches of small, warty, orange-red fruits. Attractive bark, reddish-brown and peeling to reveal the smooth pinkish, orange and green layer beneath.

Well drained, acid soil, in full sun. Best in a mild location. Can be damaged by hard frosts.

From seed or semi-ripe cuttings.

other notes:
Native to west coast of North Ameria, from Vancover to California. Sometimes reaches greater heights in the wild, up to 30 metres.
Discovered by Archibald Menzies, around 1792, and introduced by David Douglas in 1827.

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