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common name: Madroña
growth rate: slow
growth habit: rounded
leaf colour: dark green
flower colour: white
fruit colour: red
main season: All Year
dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: acid
minimum temp: -8°C
USDA zone: 8 to 10
Spreading evergreen tree which can reach stately proportions in favourable conditions or may sometimes have a shrubby habit. Oval, glossy dark green leaves, up to 15cm. long and may toothed or smooth edged. Conspicuous erect panicles of white flowers in spring, followed by bunches of small, warty, orange-red fruits. Attractive bark, reddish-brown and peeling to reveal the smooth pinkish, orange and green layer beneath.
Well drained, acid soil, in full sun. Best in a mild location. Can be damaged by hard frosts.
From seed or semi-ripe cuttings.
Native to west coast of North Ameria, from Vancover to California. Sometimes reaches greater heights in the wild, up to 30 metres.
Discovered by Archibald Menzies, around 1792, and introduced by David Douglas in 1827.