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botanical name:
Centranthus ruber
Centranthus ruber © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Red valerian, Jupiter’s beard
family:  Valerianaceae
characteristics: perennial, scented/aromatic
height: 0.90m
width: 0.90m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: clump
leaf colour: blue-green
flower colour: red
main season: Summer
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: alkaline
minimum temp: -23°C
USDA zone: 6 to 10
description:
Forms woody-based clumps of branched stems with lance-shaped, quite fleshy, glaucous leaves. Long lasting heads of usually red flowers, but colour may vary from white through pink to dark crimson.

cultivation:
Will grow in very poor, dry, inhospitable places and thrives on walls and rock crevices.

propagation:
From seed. Self seeds very freely in suitable conditions.

usage:
Medicinal herb and young leaves and shoots are edible.
Flowers are attractive to insects.

other notes:
Originally from Southern Europe but now naturalized and locally common in many other areas. It is regarded as a wildflower in the Western parts of Britain and is a characteristic plant of the coastal cliffs.

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