Plant Base Online (beta)
common name: Red valerian, Jupiter’s beard
full sun, part shade
dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: alkaline
minimum temp: -23°C
USDA zone: 6 to 10
Forms woody-based clumps of branched stems with lance-shaped, quite fleshy, glaucous leaves. Long lasting heads of usually red flowers, but colour may vary from white through pink to dark crimson.
Will grow in very poor, dry, inhospitable places and thrives on walls and rock crevices.
From seed. Self seeds very freely in suitable conditions.
Medicinal herb and young leaves and shoots are edible.
Flowers are attractive to insects.
Originally from Southern Europe but now naturalized and locally common in many other areas. It is regarded as a wildflower in the Western parts of Britain and is a characteristic plant of the coastal cliffs.