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botanical name:
Centranthus ruber
Centranthus ruber © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Red valerian, Jupiter’s beard
family:  Valerianaceae
characteristics: perennial, scented/aromatic
height: 0.90m
width: 0.90m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: clump
leaf colour: blue-green
flower colour: red
main season: Summer
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: alkaline
minimum temp: -23°C
USDA zone: 6 to 10
Forms woody-based clumps of branched stems with lance-shaped, quite fleshy, glaucous leaves. Long lasting heads of usually red flowers, but colour may vary from white through pink to dark crimson.

Will grow in very poor, dry, inhospitable places and thrives on walls and rock crevices.

From seed. Self seeds very freely in suitable conditions.

Medicinal herb and young leaves and shoots are edible.
Flowers are attractive to insects.

other notes:
Originally from Southern Europe but now naturalized and locally common in many other areas. It is regarded as a wildflower in the Western parts of Britain and is a characteristic plant of the coastal cliffs.
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