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botanical name:
Cephalanthus occidentalis var. angustifolius
Cephalanthus occidentalis var. angustifolius © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Narrow-leaf Button Bush
synonyms:  Cephalanthus angustifolius, Cephalanthus tetrandra
family:  Rubiaceae
characteristics: shrub, scented/aromatic
height: 3.00m
width: 2.50m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: cream
fruit colour: red & green
stem/bark: brown
main season: Summer
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil, wet/waterlogged soil
preferred soil pH: acid
minimum temp: -18°C
USDA zone: 5 to 10
description:
Deciduous shrub, usually multi-stemmed and of loose, open habit. Glossy mid to dark green lanceolate leaves, that in this variation are long and often held in whorls of three. Very fragrant, pin-cushion-like, cream flowers over a long period from early summer to early autumn. Small reddish green fruits, ageing to dark purplish brown, persist into winter.

cultivation:
Consistently moist, humus-rich, acid soil. Grows well in boggy conditions.
May grow to a larger size in warm climate areas. Can be short-lived.
Can be easily pruned to control size.

propagation:
From seed or by softwood or hardwood cuttings, which usually root quite easily.

usage:
Wetland plantings. Attractive to wildlife.

Used medicinally by the Native Americans as a treatment for various ailments. The inner bark was chewed to sooth toothaches and it was used to make an eyewash.

other notes:
Leaves and other parts are toxic if consumed in large quantities.

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