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botanical name:
Cephalanthus occidentalis var. angustifolius
Cephalanthus occidentalis var. angustifolius © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Narrow-leaf Button Bush
synonyms:  Cephalanthus angustifolius, Cephalanthus tetrandra
family:  Rubiaceae
characteristics: shrub, scented/aromatic
height: 3.00m
width: 2.50m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: cream
fruit colour: red & green
stem/bark: brown
main season: Summer
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil, wet/waterlogged soil
preferred soil pH: acid
minimum temp: -18°C
USDA zone: 5 to 10
Deciduous shrub, usually multi-stemmed and of loose, open habit. Glossy mid to dark green lanceolate leaves, that in this variation are long and often held in whorls of three. Very fragrant, pin-cushion-like, cream flowers over a long period from early summer to early autumn. Small reddish green fruits, ageing to dark purplish brown, persist into winter.

Consistently moist, humus-rich, acid soil. Grows well in boggy conditions.
May grow to a larger size in warm climate areas. Can be short-lived.
Can be easily pruned to control size.

From seed or by softwood or hardwood cuttings, which usually root quite easily.

Wetland plantings. Attractive to wildlife.

Used medicinally by the Native Americans as a treatment for various ailments. The inner bark was chewed to sooth toothaches and it was used to make an eyewash.

other notes:
Leaves and other parts are toxic if consumed in large quantities.
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