Plant Base Online (beta)

botanical name:
Chionanthus retusus
Chionanthus retusus © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Chinese Fringe Tree
family:  Calycanthaceae
characteristics: tree, scented/aromatic
height: 7.00m
width: 5.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: white
fruit colour: blue
stem/bark: brown
main season: Summer
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: neutral-acid
minimum temp: -20°C
USDA zone: 6 to 9
description:
Attractive large shrub or small, spreading, often multi-stemmed deciduous tree. Opposite, leathery leaves. Freely produced panicles of delicate pure white fragrant flowers in late spring. Female trees produce sloe-like dark blue fruits. Yellow autumn foliage colour. Older trees develop attractively peeling and fissured greyish brown bark.

cultivation:
Most reasonable soils in sun or light shade. Generally easy to grow but performs best in a continental climate and flowers best after long hot summers. Drought resistant once established.
Male and female trees are needed to produce viable seed.

propagation:
From seed. Also by semi-hardwood cutting, but they can be difficult to root.

other notes:
Native to China, Taiwan, Korea and Japan

pronounced: chee-oh-NAN-thus re-TEW-sus
alternatively: kye-oh-NAN-thus re-TEW-sus

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