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botanical name:
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Wild Chicory, Wild Succory, Hendibeh, Barbe de Capucin, Watcher of the Road, Blue Sailor Weed
synonyms:  Chichorum intybus
family:  Asteraceae
characteristics: perennial
height: 1.60m
width: 0.80m
growth rate: fast
growth habit:
leaf colour: green
flower colour: blue
stem/bark: brown & green
main season: Summer
edible symbol edible
aspect: full sun
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: neutral-alkaline
minimum temp: -18°C
USDA zone: 7 to 10
description:
Tap-rooted perennial wildflower with widely branched stems and sparse upper leaves, giving an airy appearance. The lower leaves are large, lobed, hairy and toothed. Numerous sky blue flowerheads at the leaf axils, in summer and early autumn.

cultivation:
Most well drained soils in full sun. Does particularly well on slightly alkaline soils.

propagation:
From seed.

usage:
The young leaves are edible and has been used as a vegetable since Roman times. The root is used as a coffee substitute.
Medicinal herb used to treat liver and bladder problems. Also used in remedies for gallstones.
Also commercially cultivated for inulin, a form of fructose, which is found in the root. It has a number of uses including as a low-calorie sweetening agent.

other notes:
European and British native, found wild on roadsides and rough grassland, particularly on chalk and sandy soils.

Close relative of the Dandilion.

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