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botanical name:
Cynara cardunculus (Scolymus Group)
Cynara cardunculus (Scolymus Group) © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Globe artichoke
synonyms:  Cynara scolymus
family:  Asteraceae
characteristics: perennial
height: 2.00m
width: 1.00m
growth rate: fast
growth habit: spiky
leaf colour: grey-green
flower colour: purple
main season:
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun
conditions: moist soil, sandy soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -15°C
USDA zone: 6 to 10
description:
Normally grown as a culinary delicacy, but also a very ornamental large perennial. Very large, jaggedly cut, silvery green basal leaves. Strong stems rise to carry the big, thistle type flower heads, with scaly bracts enclosing the purple-mauve tufted flower.

cultivation:
Moist, well drained soil and full sun. Best in light soils and a reasonably warm location sheltered from cold winds.
In cold areas the rootstock should be protected by a dry winter mulch.

propagation:
From seed or by division of suckers

usage:
A culinary delicacy and also an important medicinal herb since ancient times, still used for the treatment of digestive and liver problems.
For edible use, the flowering buds are cropped before they open.

other notes:
Probably originates from North Africa but now widely cultivated.

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