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botanical name:
Cytisus scoparius ssp. scoparius
Cytisus scoparius ssp. scoparius © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Common Broom
synonyms:  Sarothamnus scoparius, Spartium scoparium
family:  Papilionaceae
characteristics: shrub
height: 3.00m
width: 3.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: arching
leaf colour: green
flower colour: yellow
fruit colour: brown & green
stem/bark: green
main season: Spring
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: neutral-acid
minimum temp: -25°C
USDA zone: 5 to 9
description:
Deciduous shrub of variable habit and size, with erect to arching green stems and small trifoliate leaves. The green shoots combined with relatively insignificant looking leaves give the impression of the plant being evergreen. Profuse pea-like golden yellow flowers in spring and early summer, later followed by pods that burst open to distribute the black seeds.

cultivation:
Well drained soil in full sun. Thrives in poor acid soils, lime-tolerant but dislikes shallow chalky soil. Often found naturally on dry sandy soils near the coast or on heathlands.
Resents disturbance and best planted when small.

Prune after flowering by shortening all young green growth by up to two-thirds. Avoid cutting back into old wood as it is reluctant to re-shoot.

propagation:
From seed or cuttings

usage:
Valuble ornamental shrub, particularly useful for mass planting in large landscape projects. Selected cultivars are more commonly used for gardens.


other notes:
Native throughout Western Europe, including Britain.

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