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botanical name:
Euonymus europaeus
Euonymus europaeus © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Spindle
family:  Celastraceae
characteristics: shrub
height: 6.00m
width: 4.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: white
fruit colour: red
stem/bark: grey-brown
main season: Autumn
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: alkaline
minimum temp: -25°C
USDA zone: 4 to 9
description:
Native large shrub or small tree. Lanceolate to elliptic deep green leaves. Rather inconspicuous, small yellowish or greenish-white flowers in late spring followed by red or dark pink fruits that split when ripe to reveal the orange seeds. Good autumn foliage colours . A good hedgerow plant.

cultivation:
Any well drained soil in sun or part shade. Grows very well on chalky soils.

propagation:
From seed or by cuttings or layering.

usage:
Used as a herbal treatment for skin parasites.

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