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botanical name:
Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum 'Orion'
Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum 'Orion' © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Florence Fennel, Bulb Fennel
family:  Apiaceae
characteristics: annual/biennial, scented/aromatic
height: 0.90m
width: 0.45m
growth rate: fast
growth habit: erect
leaf colour: green
flower colour: yellow
stem/bark: white & green
main season: Summer
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: alkaline
minimum temp: -12°C
USDA zone: 8 to 10
description:
Culinary vegetable that is grown for its bulb-like, swollen stem base. F1 hybrid producing high yields of large, thick, rounded bases with a strong aniseed-like flavour. Finely divided, feathery green foliage and heads of small yellow flowers in summer. Strongly aromatic. Biennial.

cultivation:
Moist, well drained, light sandy soil in full sun and a mild climate. In adverse conditions such as cold or very dry soil, the swollen basal bulb may not form.
Pull up the soil around developing bulbs, to blanch them and aid stability.
The bulbs are harvested by cutting just below ground level.

propagation:
From seed, sown in situ, in spring in cool climates, after the last frosts, or in late summer in warm climates, giving bulbs for winter harvesting.

usage:
Ornamental appearance, very suitable for potagers and kitchen gardens.
Has a strong aniseed-like flavour.
The foliage may used as a culinary and medicinal herb, in exactly the same way as common fennel.


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