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botanical name:
Forsythia europaea
Forsythia europaea © Deeproot Plant Base
family:  Oleaceae
characteristics: shrub
height: 1.80m
width: 1.80m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: yellow
stem/bark: light brown
main season: Spring
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil, clay soil
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -20°C
USDA zone: 6 to 9
description:
Bushy deciduous shrub of twiggy habit with opposite, toothed, lance-shaped leaves. Small bright yellow flowers in early spring on bare branches before the leaves emerge. Not as showy as the cultivated varieties.

cultivation:
Any moderately fertile, moist, well drained soil in full sun or light dappled shade. Easy to grow and not fussy. Prune after flowering, reducing new shoots and cut back some of the old shoots to the base.

propagation:
Greenwood cuttings in late spring or semi-ripe cuttings in late summer.

other notes:
Native to Albania and the only species found wild in Europe. Rarely cultivated.

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