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botanical name:
Gladiolus italicus
Gladiolus italicus © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Italian Gladiolus, Field Gladiolus
synonyms:  Gladiolus segetum
family:  Iridaceae
characteristics: perennial
height: 0.90m
width: 0.10m
growth rate: fast
growth habit: bulb/corm
leaf colour: green
flower colour: red
fruit colour: green
stem/bark: green
main season: Summer
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -6°C
USDA zone: 9 to 10
description:
Tall, slender plant with sword-like linear leaves up to 65cm long. Spikes of reddish purple flowers, arranged either side of the stem, produced in spring and early summer. Green fruiting capsules containing orange-brown seeds follow.

cultivation:
Thrives in light well drained soil and full sun. Performs best if baked over the summer.

propagation:
By seed or bulb offsets.

other notes:
Native to the Mediterranean area, found on rocky hillsides, grassy areas and open forests, olive groves and cultivated land.
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