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common name: Bull Bay, Southern Magnolia
synonyms: Magnolia foetida
tree, evergreen, scented/aromatic
growth rate: medium
growth habit: rounded
leaf colour: dark green
flower colour: white
fruit colour: green
main season: All Year
full sun, part shade
dry soil, moist soil, clay soil
preferred soil pH: neutral-acid
minimum temp: -12°C
USDA zone: 8 to 10
Magnificent evergreen , generally grown as a wall shrub but also making a magnificent free-standing large shrub or short stemmed tree. Leaves are leathery, glossy on top and often reddish-brown underneath. Large, waxy-white, scented flowers are produced throughout summer and in to early autumn.
Reasonably fertile soil in full sun or a little shade. Will tolerate dry alkaline conditions if soil is deep and loamy. Benefits from some shelter and often grown as a wall shrub.
If required, lightly prune back unwanted shoots in spring. For wall trained plants, cut back to within about 2 to 4 buds of the permanent framework, after flowering or in early spring.
From seed. Also by layering.
Official state flower of Louisiana and Mississippi, USA.