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botanical name:
Ocimum basilicum
Ocimum basilicum © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Sweet Basil, Wild Basil
family:  Lamiaceae
characteristics: annual/biennial, scented/aromatic
height: 0.45m
width: 0.30m
growth rate: fast
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: white
stem/bark: green
main season: Summer
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil
preferred soil pH: neutral
minimum temp: 5°C
USDA zone: 7 to 10
Annual herb with very aromatic, bright green leaves up to 10cm long, oppositely arranged on freely branched, square-sectioned stems. Whorls of very small white or purple flowers.

Moist, well drained, reasonably fertile soil in full sun, or part shade in very hot climates. Tender and very sensitive to frost, grows best in warm conditions but quite easy as a fast-growing summer annual.
Flowering stem tips may be removed to extend the life and usefulness of the plant, which may last up to two years in warm areas.

From seed.

Important culinary herb. Extensively used in Mediterranean cooking. Major ingredient of pesto.

Also has uses as a medicinal herb.

other notes:
Native to tropical parts of Asia. Long cultivated and common in other areas.

Basil is a sacred plant to the Hindu religion and is also venerated by the Greek Orthodox church.

pronounced: OSS-ih-mum bass-IL-i-kum

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