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botanical name:
Ocimum basilicum
Ocimum basilicum © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Sweet Basil, Wild Basil
family:  Lamiaceae
characteristics: annual/biennial, scented/aromatic
height: 0.45m
width: 0.30m
growth rate: fast
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: white
stem/bark: green
main season: Summer
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil
preferred soil pH: neutral
minimum temp: 5°C
USDA zone: 7 to 10
description:
Annual herb with very aromatic, bright green leaves up to 10cm long, oppositely arranged on freely branched, square-sectioned stems. Whorls of very small white or purple flowers.

cultivation:
Moist, well drained, reasonably fertile soil in full sun, or part shade in very hot climates. Tender and very sensitive to frost, grows best in warm conditions but quite easy as a fast-growing summer annual.
Flowering stem tips may be removed to extend the life and usefulness of the plant, which may last up to two years in warm areas.

propagation:
From seed.

usage:
Important culinary herb. Extensively used in Mediterranean cooking. Major ingredient of pesto.

Also has uses as a medicinal herb.

other notes:
Native to tropical parts of Asia. Long cultivated and common in other areas.

Basil is a sacred plant to the Hindu religion and is also venerated by the Greek Orthodox church.

pronounced: OSS-ih-mum bass-IL-i-kum

RHS AGM

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