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botanical name:
Olea europaea
Olea europaea © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Olive
family:  Oleaceae
characteristics: tree, evergreen
height: 6.00m
width: 6.00m
growth rate: slow
growth habit: rounded
leaf colour: grey-green
flower colour: white
fruit colour: black
stem/bark: brown
main season: All Year
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun
conditions: dry soil, sandy soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -5°C
USDA zone: 9 to 10
Small evergreen tree which is very familiar in the Mediterranean area. Opposite, small leathery, grey-green leaves. Panicles of tiny, fragrant, creamy white flowers in summer, followed by ovoid or rounded, green fruits which ripen to black. Eventually develops a very gnarled trunk.

Sharply drained soil in full sun. Hardy down to about -10 C once well established.

From seed or semi-ripe cuttings in spring.

The olive is of considerable economic importance for its oil and fruit.

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