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botanical name:
Phaseolus coccineus
Phaseolus coccineus © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Runner bean
synonyms:  Phaseolus multiflorus
family:  Papilionaceae
characteristics: climber
height: 4.50m
width: 0.60m
growth rate: fast
growth habit: climber
leaf colour: green
flower colour: red
fruit colour: green
stem/bark: green
main season: Summer
edible symbol edible
aspect: full sun
conditions: moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: 5°C
USDA zone: 11 to 11
description:
Tender perennial climber normally grown as a half-hardy annual. Vigorous twining habit. Bright green foliage and scarlet flowers, followed by long edible seed pods. Many named cultivars are available.

cultivation:
Frost tender. Usually grown as an annual. Moist, fertile soil in full sun. Needs a sturdy supporting frame over which to climb, generally constructed specifically for the purpose from canes or poles.
Pods are best harvested while still young.

propagation:
From seed (beans) which can be sown from April in trays or pots and kept frost-free for later planting out. Or sow directly once the weather has warmed up.

usage:
Now almost exclusively cultivated as a food crop but originally grown in Europe as an ornamental and still valuable as a fast decorative climber.

other notes:
Native to the uplands of tropical Central America and cultivated in Mexico for over 2,000 years. Introduced into Europe in the 16th century.

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