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botanical name:
Phormium tenax
Phormium tenax © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  New Zealand Flax, Coastal Flax, harakeke
family:  Hemerocallidaceae
characteristics: perennial, evergreen
height: 3.00m
width: 3.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: spiky
leaf colour: green
flower colour: red
fruit colour: black
stem/bark: purple & green
main season: All Year
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -10°C
USDA zone: 9 to 11
Large upright evergreen, taller than the cultivars. Tough, strap-shaped, deep green to greyish green leaves, sometimes with a bronzy sheen. May form a very large clump in time. Orange-red flower held on spikes up to 3m in summer, pollinated by birds. Erect seed pods containing small black seeds.

Moist, well drained, fertile soil in full sun or light shade. Established plants will tolerate dry conditions. Best in mild locations or a sheltered position but grow well in coastal areas.

From seed or by division

Excellent focal plant and widely used for landscaping, giving somewhat exotic appearance.

other notes:
Native of New Zealand.
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