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botanical name:
Pinus monticola
Pinus monticola © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Western White Pine, Idaho White Pine
synonyms:  Strobus monticola
family:  Pinaceae
characteristics: conifer, evergreen
height: 50.00m
width: 10.00m
growth rate: fast
growth habit: conical
leaf colour: green
flower colour: yellow
fruit colour: light brown
stem/bark: dark grey
main season: All Year
aspect: full sun
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: neutral-acid
minimum temp: -35°C
USDA zone: 4 to 8
Tall growing evergreen usually with a straight trunk and narrowly conical habit. Needle-like leaves up to 13cm long, held in groups of 5. Male stroboli are yellow and female pinkish green, developing into large narrow cones up to about 30cm long, taking 2 years to mature before releasing the winged seeds. The mature bark is grey and becomes fissured into square plates.

Grows best in moist, well drained sandy, somewhat acidic soils. Will tolerate poor soils and a wide range of climatic conditions.

Very susceptible to white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola), which has had a devastating effect of some native populations.

By seed.

Ornamental speciman tree for parkland.
Valuable timber tree.

other notes:
Native to the Rocky Mountains of North America.
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