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botanical name:
Quercus robur
Quercus robur © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Oak, English Oak, Common Oak, Pedunculate Oak
synonyms:  Quercus pedunculata
family:  Fagaceae
characteristics: tree
height: 35.00m
width: 25.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: broad headed
leaf colour: green
flower colour: light green
fruit colour: brown
stem/bark: grey-brown
main season: Summer
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil, clay soil
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -23°C
USDA zone: 6 to 8
description:
The characteristic tree of English and Northern European countryside and forest. Mature trees have thick trunks and wide spreading branches with fissured grey-brown bark. Short-stalked oblong deciduous leaves with rounded lobes. Very small male and female flowers are produced separately but on the same tree, in late spring or early summer. The nut-like acorns follow, green at first ripening to brown, held in stalked cups.

cultivation:
Any well drained soil in full sun or part shade.

propagation:
Easily grown from the large acorn seeds.

usage:
Parklands, woodlands or field boundaries. Traditionally used for its high-quality, durable timber.
The bark, taken from saplings or young branches, has been used medicinally for various purposes.

other notes:
Very important native tree of Northern Europe, supporting a range of insects, birds and animals. British native.

Chosen as the national tree, officially or unofficially, of many countries including England and Croatia. It is also a sacred tree in various cultures.

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