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botanical name:
Ranunculus ficaria
Ranunculus ficaria © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Lesser Celandine, Pilewort
family:  Ranunculaceae
characteristics: perennial
height: 0.05m
width: 0.30m
growth rate: fast
growth habit:
leaf colour: dark green
flower colour: yellow
main season: Spring
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
aspect: full sun, part shade, shade
conditions: moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -18°C
USDA zone: 7 to 8
Very variable small tuberous perennial. Broadly heart-shaped, usually glossy dark green leaves which often have markings of paler green, silver or bronze. The leaves die back soon after the brilliant golden yellow flowers appear in early spring. A common wildflower, sometimes considered an invasive weed but rarely a serious nuisance as the top growth disappears by early summer. There are a number of selected forms in cultivation.

Not very fussy but prefers moist soil and a little shade. Thrives in woodlands, hedgerows and stream banks. Can form extensive patches.

Spreads prolifically by tuberous roots and seed.

Early spring colour in the woodland and wild garden.

other notes:
A widespread native of Europe, North West Africa and South west Asia.

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