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botanical name:
Ranunculus ficaria
Ranunculus ficaria © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Lesser Celandine, Pilewort
family:  Ranunculaceae
characteristics: perennial
height: 0.05m
width: 0.30m
growth rate: fast
growth habit:
leaf colour: dark green
flower colour: yellow
main season: Spring
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
aspect: full sun, part shade, shade
conditions: moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -18°C
USDA zone: 7 to 8
description:
Very variable small tuberous perennial. Broadly heart-shaped, usually glossy dark green leaves which often have markings of paler green, silver or bronze. The leaves die back soon after the brilliant golden yellow flowers appear in early spring. A common wildflower, sometimes considered an invasive weed but rarely a serious nuisance as the top growth disappears by early summer. There are a number of selected forms in cultivation.

cultivation:
Not very fussy but prefers moist soil and a little shade. Thrives in woodlands, hedgerows and stream banks. Can form extensive patches.

propagation:
Spreads prolifically by tuberous roots and seed.

usage:
Early spring colour in the woodland and wild garden.

other notes:
A widespread native of Europe, North West Africa and South west Asia.

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