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common name: Gallica Rose
synonyms: Rosa gallica 'Violacea', Rosa 'La Belle Sultane'
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: red
fruit colour: red
main season: Summer
full sun, part shade
moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: neutral
minimum temp: -29°C
USDA zone: 4 to 9
Vigorous upright shrub, which can ultimately become quite large. Large matt green leaves. Single to semi-double flowers, opening deep velvety red with golden yellow stamens, then ageing to an unusual violet-purple colour. Large orange-red hips in autumn.
Fertile, moist, well drained soil in sun or part shade.
Good disease resistance.
By grafting, cuttings or separation or rooted suckers.
Old heritage variety, probably originating from the Netherlands in the 1700's.
Although sometimes sold as Rosa 'La Belle Sultane', this may in fact be a slightly different cultivar.