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botanical name:
Ruscus aculeatus
Ruscus aculeatus © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Butcher's Broom, Knee Holly, Kneeholm, Jew's Myrtle, Sweet Broom
synonyms:  Ruscus ponticus, Ruscus flexuosus
family:  Asparagaceae
characteristics: shrub, evergreen
height: 0.75m
width: 1.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: dark green
flower colour: white
fruit colour: red
stem/bark: green
main season: All Year
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade, shade
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil, coastal
preferred soil pH: any
minimum temp: -15°C
USDA zone: 7 to 9
description:
Dense thicket forming, prickly shrub with stiff upright stems and stiff, pointed ovate to lancealote 'leaves'. The leaves are actually cladodes (or cladophylls), flattened green stems rather than true leaves. Small greenish-white flowers in spring, produced from the centre of the cladodes. They are followed by bright red berries on female plants.

cultivation:
Tolerant of deep shade and almost any well drained soil. Will grow in dry shady positions, also on shallow chalk. Resistant to honey fungus.

propagation:
From seed, which can be slow to germinate, or by division of rooted suckers.

usage:
Good as an evergreen underplanting on dry ground underneath tree canopies such as a woodland edge.

Medicinal herb used, amongst other things, for the treatment of haemorrhoids and varicose veins. Known to the Greeks and Romans, described in 60 BC. by Pliny for the treatment of varicose veins and still in use today.

other notes:
Mainly native to southern Europe and the Meditereanean area but also occurs further afield, including southern Britain.

pronounced: RUS-kus a-kuw-lee-AH-tus

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