Plant Base Online (beta)
© Deeproot Plant Base
poisonous or irritant
part shade, shade
preferred soil pH: neutral-alkaline
minimum temp: -18°C
USDA zone: 7 to 9
Creeping, rhizomatous perennial with prominently veined and wrinkled leaves. Brownish-purple bell-shaped flowers, yellowish-green inside, in mid to late spring. Dies back after flowering.
Moist, well-drained, leafy and humus-rich, neutral to slightly alkaline soil in part shade. Suitable for woodland conditions.
By division or from seed.
All parts of the plant are highly poisonous.
Native of Central and South-Eastern Europe.