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botanical name:
Taxus baccata
Taxus baccata © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  English Yew
family:  Taxaceae
characteristics: conifer, evergreen
height: 12.00m
width: 9.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: rounded
leaf colour: dark green
flower colour: yellow
fruit colour: red
stem/bark: brown
main season: All Year
poison symbol poisonous or irritant
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade, shade
conditions: dry soil, moist soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: alkaline
minimum temp: -23°C
USDA zone: 6 to 10
description:
Well known British native with very dark green glossy foliage and red berries on female plants. Inconspicuous yellowish or greenish flowers in spring. Growing habit tends to be variable between individual plants, but normally develops into a dense, spreading tree with a short trunk.


cultivation:
Not as slow growing as usually assumed. Requires well drained soils and is happy on dry alkaline soils, similar to its natural habitat of chalk hills. Water and feed young plants to get them well established.
Old, overgrown plants can be cut back hard, shoots will be produced from the old wood.

propagation:
From seed, which are often very slow to germinate, or by cuttings.

usage:
Undoubtedly the best evergreen for hedges and topiary. Can be kept indefinitely to the desired dimensions by regular trimming.
Yews are well known for their ability to grow to a very old age, therefore ideal for the permanent structure of a garden or landscape.

The anti-cancer drug Taxol is produced from the leaves.

other notes:
British native tree. Found throughout Europe, Western Asia and North Africa.

All parts are very poisonous and potentially fatal.

RHS AGM

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