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botanical name:
Tsuga canadensis
Tsuga canadensis © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Eastern Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock
family:  Pinaceae
characteristics: conifer
height: 25.00m
width: 10.00m
growth rate: fast
growth habit: conical
leaf colour: dark green
flower colour: yellow
fruit colour: brown
stem/bark: brown
main season: All Year
aspect: full sun, part shade, shade
conditions: moist soil
preferred soil pH: neutral-acid
minimum temp: -20°C
USDA zone: 6 to 8
description:
Large, conical, evergreen tree which often forms several main stems. Deeply furrowed, purplish grey-brown bark. Linear, finely toothed, mid-green leaves, silvery underneath, about 2cm long. They are arranged in two ranks along the shoots but with a few additional very short leaves on the top of the stems, lying flattened with their silvery sides uppermost. Small greenish yellow male flowers and small ovoid cones up to 2.5cm long, green ripening to brown.

cultivation:
Likes a moist, preferably acid soil in sun or shade. Reaches about 5 metres in 10 years.

usage:
Good large specimen tree.
A major forestry tree, with the timber used for construction purposes etc. The bark is used for tanning and dying.

other notes:
From Eastern North America.

Official state tree of Pennsylvania, USA.

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