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common name: Common Valerian
synonyms: Valariana officinalis
full sun, part shade
moist soil, wet/waterlogged soil
preferred soil pH: neutral
minimum temp: -20°C
USDA zone: 4 to 8
Tall rhizomatous perennial. Pinnate basal leaves with up to 10 pairs of toothed leaflets. Fragrant white or slightly pink tinted flowers.
Most, moist, well drained soils, preferably fertile and humus-rich, in sun or part shade.
From seed or root cuttings.
Well-known, commonly used medicinal herb, which is sometimes commercially cultivated. Often used as a sedative or sleep aid.
Native to Europe and Western Asia, normally found in damp locations such as ditches and stream banks.
pronounced: va-ler-ee-AH-nuh oh-fiss-ih-NAH-liss