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botanical name:
Zanthoxylum piperitum
Zanthoxylum piperitum © Deeproot Plant Base
common name:  Pepper Tree, Japanese Prickly Ash
synonyms:  Fagara piperita, Xanthoxylum piperitum, Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
family:  Rutaceae
characteristics: shrub, scented/aromatic
height: 4.00m
width: 3.00m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: yellow
fruit colour: red
main season: Summer
edible symbol edible
medicinal symbol medicinal
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: neutral-alkaline
minimum temp: -15°C
USDA zone: 7 to 8
description:
Upright, spiny deciduous shrub with aromatic foliage of pinnate leaves, with up 23 ovate, toothed, mid to dark green leaflets. Panicles of small cup-shaped greenish yellow flowers in early summer, later followed by berry-like red fruits that split to release black seeds. Dioecious, needing both male and female plants to produce seed.

cultivation:
Moist, well drained fertile soil in a sunny position.

propagation:
From seed, root cuttings or separation of rooted suckers.

usage:
Fruit and seeds are used for flavouring and as a condiment in oriental cookery. Commercially cultivated in Japan.
Used in eastern and herbal medicine.

other notes:
Native of Japan, Korea and Northern China

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